Horses can have fibromyalgia, too!
As I was researching how our pets help us when living with a chronic pain disorder, I came across this article. I never knew that horses can also exhibit the symptoms of fibromyalgia!
As I read this and realized the many similar traits that we, as humans, experience living with fibromyalgia, and many never receiving consideration for the dis-order, how many horses need to suffer because they do not have the voice?
Symptoms of fibromyalgia in horses:
EFMS (equine fibromyalgia syndrome) horses might exhibit autoimmune problems, micro-circulatory deficits, cranial nerve problems, endocrine imbalances, generalized chronic fatigue or a combination of these conditions. An important fact is that an individual horse or human can have two or three symptoms or as many as 20!
While most aspects of human fibromyalgia syndrome and EFMS are identical, the equine athlete will demonstrate more extreme symptoms when an already compromised immune system is stressed during work. Interestingly, in both human and equine syndromes, a fungal component exists either as a sequela (a condition that is the consequence of a previous disease) or injury.as a cause of the disease.
Autoimmune problems run the gamut from immune-mediated arthritis to toxicity to immune-mediated neuritis.
Often, previously injured joints will be most significantly affected, although the horse may exhibit signs of overall body soreness. Any transient lameness that shifts from fore legs to hind legs or from side to side should be suspect.
Immune-mediated neuritis can manifest itself as stringhalt or shivers or both (analogous to human restless leg syndrome.) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be a component of the autoimmune response, often accompanied by parotid salivary gland enlargement (swollen glands), an occasional mucous nasal discharge, a non-productive cough, or a combination of these symptoms. The owner may report seasonal respiratory allergies that come and go.
Smooth muscle deconditioning can cause Irritable Bowel Syndrome, and their obvious sequelae (colitis and colic). It may also lead to a leaky gut.
The most common cardiac muscle deficiency in humans is mitral valve prolapse; horses will sometimes develop a loud diastolic murmur with or without left ventricular enlargement. Hoof problems to consider are white line disease, chronic abscesses, petechial redness in white hoof walls, cracked insensitive laminae, and extreme sensitivity to hard ground. Poor tissue oxygenation and outward signs of toxicity go hand in hand: abnormal fat deposits at the base of the tail, a potbellied appearance, a dull greasy hair coat, and chronic fungal skin infections.
Many symptoms involving the cranial nerves get evaluated out of context and, hence, are never effectively treated. Hypersensitivity to touch (for example, bridles, insects, grooming tools, shampoos, fly sprays) can result in chronic head shyness. Add to this a hypersensitivity to non-contact stimuli (sound, light), and the stage is set for creating a head-shaker.
Any suggestion of facial neuritis should be a significant red flag. Horses have the unique ability to use cribbing as a mechanism for endorphin release and the resulting myofacial pain relief. Evidence of anterior pituitary involvement is abundant. Examples are extremely high or low estrogen, progesterone, or testosterone levels; excessive sweating; anhidrosis, adrenal exhaustion syndrome; chronic fatigue; and loss of equilibrium.
Stumbling, falling down, difficulty picking up or switching leads at the canter, tentative gaits over uneven or sloping ground, or difficulty standing still for the blacksmith are common complaints. The owner might notice the horse struggling to walk up or down the horse trailer ramp.
***Source: Brenda Bishop (2003): Fibromyalgia cases trickling into practice. In: DVM Newsmagazine Oct 1, 2003; www.dvmnewsmagazine.com
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